EUROLAN 2007 Lecturers

- Michael Zock -

Michael Zock born in Germany, has been living in France ever since 1970. He gained there a Ph.D in experimental psychology (psycholinguistics). His research interests lie in the modelling of the cognitive processes underlying natural language generation and in the building of tools for language learning.

Since 1989 he has been a researcher at the CNRS, working in the Language & Cognition group of LIMSI, an AI laboratory close to Paris (Orsay). Currently he is research director at the LIF at Marseille.

He has participated in several international projects, and exchange programs have taken him to North America and to Eastern Europe. He has launched the European Language Generation workshop series 1987 at the abbey of Royaumont, and he was coresponsible for organising the subsequent events in Edinburgh (Scotland), Innsbruck (Austria) and Pisa (Italy).

During the last few years he has led training courses in computational linguistics in Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Romania). He also helped organizing there various summer schools. Lecture tours have taken him to America, Australia and Asia (Malaysia, Thailand, Corea). On three occasions (1995, 2003, 2004) he has been invited to do research in Japan at the Tokyo Institute of Technology.

Michael Zock has edited several books on natural language generation and a special issue on Computer Assisted Language Learning. He also served as evaluator for the NSF (Washington) and the European Community (INCO COPERNICUS). He has published extensively in the area of computational linguistics or cognitive science (more than 100 international publications in books, magazines or conferences), and he has been invited as a keynote speaker, or as lecturer to give tutorials at international conferences in psychology, computational linguistics (COLING, NLPRS) and artificial intelligence (AI & Education). In 1994 he was nominated to be in the programm committee of Coling (Kyoto). Two years later and in 2004 he organized for the same conference a panel on CALL systems and a workshop on electronic dictionaries. His work has been supported twice by Apple Computers Europe.

- Tutorial: Do you (still) love me?
A crash course on telling and recognizing lies -

Slides

It's probably the beauty of the trees that has prevented linguists from seeing the forest. Indeed, it has taken them ages to realize that languages are also tools of communication, that is, means to achieve more or less directly specific goals: have someone do you a favor, prevent others from doing something that might be against your own interests, etc. The tool that we are talking about is used by real people, that is to say by creatures who are in various cognitive and emotional states. Whether people realize or not the state they are in does not matter, what does matter though is the state they are in and the goal they are pursuing in consequence. While there are many ways to reveal our goals, this is not always in our interest. Hence, people lie, cheat, or charm, and while in kind these actions seem to be different, functionally speaking, they are pretty much the same: manipulate the receiver to achieve their own goals. The goal of this talk is to show some of the many ways of using language to lead the receiver where the speaker wants him to go. Knowing about these means should improve our communication skills, hence, enable us to achieve our goals, or prevent others of taking advantage of our ignorance.

To get my point across, I will take a look at the work done in psychology, linguistics (language being a resource) and artificial intelligence. I will end my talk with some ideas related to my current work, showing how the techniques of word access could be used for reading between the lines, i.e. recognizing the text producers' true intentions, and possibly even subliminal communication.

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